Xavier de Souza Briggs is vice president for economic opportunity and markets at Ford Foundation. From 2009 to 2011, he served as associate director of the White House Office of Management and Budget. Briggs is a professor of sociology and urban planning, on leave from MIT’s Department of Urban Studies and Planning, and former head of MIT’s Housing, Community, and Economic Development Group. Earlier in his career, he was a community planner in the South Bronx, policy advisor and R&D director at the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, and a faculty member in public policy at Harvard Kennedy School. He is an award-winning author, commentator, educator, and researcher.