American conservatives have traditionally supported a relatively free market domestically, free trade internationally, low taxes, limited regulation, and a general preference for a limited federal government, with authority residing with state and local officials. More recently, Tea Party activists added demands to reduce federal deficits and to roll back an expanded federal role in health care policy. Today, however, many Republicans and conservatives accept the possibility of higher deficits in their efforts to reduce taxes and support a tariff-based trade policy. They’ve also made strict immigration policies a central part of the conservative message. What, then, defines modern American conservatism and who are today’s standard-bearers for conservative principles? Such questions are to be explored by noted and diverse conservative thinkers.