American conservatives have traditionally supported a free market domestically, free trade internationally, low taxes, limited regulation, and a limited federal government. More recently, tea party activists added demands to reduce federal deficits and to roll back an expanded federal role in health care policy. Today, however, many Republicans and conservatives accept the possibility of higher deficits in their efforts to reduce taxes and support a tariff-based trade policy. Father to the right, interest grows in authoritarian approaches. What, then, defines modern American conservatism, and who are today’s standard-bearers for conservative principles? Noted and diverse conservative thinkers weigh in.