Finance and health are among the fastest-growing sectors of the economy — in the US, they comprise more than 40 percent of GDP — and both are targets of innovation. They are also closely intertwined, with health status directly correlated to economic status all over the world. The growth of the “gig” economy, high levels of debt, record income disparities, and challenges to retirement security all leave their mark on health. With economic structures in transition, entrepreneurs are linking up with care providers, health advocates are promoting microenterprise, and the role of public policy and human behavior is under scrutiny. What does the link between health and wealth mean for individual decision-making and social structures?