Ehud Barak, chairman of the Israel Labor Party, became Israel’s minister of defense for the second time in 2007. He previously served as Israel’s 10th prime minister and minister of defense from 1999 to 2001. Barak served as minster of the interior and then as foreign minister under prime ministers Rabin Peres from 1995 to 1996. With his service as the Israel Defense Forces’ (IDF) chief of the general staff from 1991 to 1995, Barak completed a 36-year military career as a lieutenant general and the most decorated soldier in the history of the IDF. During his military career, Barak commanded special forces elite units, as well as armored divisions. Barak headed the R&D and Planning Branch of the Israel Defense Forces and later served as director of Military Intelligence, OC Central Command, and deputy chief of staff.